The art of recovering data from storage media of computers for crimes committed in Cyberspace is called computer forensics. The process is the same as far as recovery of data is concerned, but differs in the way the process is conducted. An audit and verification of every step taken and recorded in the data recovery process is required in computer forensics. You do not have to be a lawyer to be an expert on computer forensics, but you have to know the laws regarding crimes that can be committed. Since the data recreated by computer forensic expert is admissible in court as evidence, the computer professional has to be an expert in the preparation of the material to be presented in support of the case.
Forensic expertise requirements
You do not need to be a lawyer to become a computer forensic expert. It is more important that you know about the intricacies of the storage systems in computers than becoming a lawyer. As far as the law is concerned regarding the subject, you have to be conversant with only that portion of the law which is related to it. To become an expert on forensic data services, a person has to go through the following steps:
- Obtaining a bachelor’s degree is the first step to becoming an expert on computer forensics. Their area of specialization should be computer security, digital and computer forensics. You have to know about hacking, network security, laws and procedures related to them, operating systems, and various kinds of storage systems used in computers.
- Getting a job with an agency that deals with computer forensics is the next step. A large number of law enforcement agencies employ civilians for the job though they already have their own law enforcement department that deals with data recovery and digital forensics. Your knowledge and expertise will grow over time as you work individually or as a member of a team. Employment with a government agency will expose you to various situations and different methods of solving cases that can add to your overall experience.
- Obtain as many certifications as possible which are specific to your field of expertise or are generic in nature. Certification courses are conducted by government authorities where both theoretical and practical experience may be acquired. Te best way to choose the correct certification course out of the large number that is available, to select the ones that the employers usually want.
- Continuing with the education and training whenever there is a chance to do them. Acquiring masters is one of the methods of increasing your educational qualifications while post graduate certifications can enhance your expertise to a great extent.
Computer forensic features
In fact, the role of a person working in the field of forensic data services is like being a techie, and a lawyer rolled into one. You have to be a part of both by having a technical knowledge about computers and digital storages, while knowing the law well enough to be able to prepare the evidence that you may be called in to present. The outcome of all the crimes that are committed in the Cyberspace depends on how the evidence has been re-created from the digital world and how it is presented in a court of law.